Battles for control of the town were waged during the English Civil War, including an eighteen-day siege in 1644.Since Roman times, the nearby city of Chester on the River Dee had been the region's principal port on the Irish Sea.
Since then, the city has continued to produce hundreds of notable musical acts—musicians from Liverpool have produced 56 No. Liverpool also has a long-standing reputation as the origin of countless actors and actresses, artists, comedians, journalists, novelists, poets, and sportspeople.
The city has the second-highest number of art galleries, national museums, and listed buildings in the United Kingdom, with only London having more.
However, as the Dee began to silt up, maritime trade from Chester became increasingly difficult and shifted towards Liverpool on the neighbouring River Mersey.
As trade from the West Indies, including sugar, surpassed that of Ireland and Europe, and as the River Dee continued to silt up, Liverpool began to grow with increasing rapidity.
Liverpool's status as a port city has attracted a diverse population, which was historically drawn from a wide range of cultures and religions, particularly from Ireland and Wales.
The city is also home to the oldest black community in the UK and the oldest Chinese community in Europe.
George's Hall to the left, Great North Western Hotel to the right, Walker Art Gallery and Sessions House in the background.
Statues of Prince Albert, Disraeli, Queen Victoria and Wellington's Column in the middle ground.
The local authority is Liverpool City Council, the most populous local government district in the metropolitan county of Merseyside and the largest in the Liverpool City Region.
Liverpool is on the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary, and historically lay within the ancient hundred of West Derby in the southwest of the county of Lancashire. In 1889, it became a county borough independent of Lancashire.
By the start of the 19th century, a large volume of trade was passing through Liverpool, and the construction of major buildings reflected this wealth.