The spring is delightful until the middle of May, when the rains commence, and last a month.
The heat of the summer months is tempered by sea-breezes, and the cold of winter is bracing.
Another shows an in- genious manner of keeping off the birds, by means of a series of cords stretcliing from a central pole to the extremities of the small field ; the cords bear sun- dry shining objects, which the winged depredators will con- sider to be formida- ble.
Dodgell Z COOL CAPTAIN, THE [.onisa Chandler Moulton Ti^ CRACKTHORPE AND WEEKS Charles D. Chair FOR December 129 Chair for March 5G3 Chair for January 275 Chair for April 707 Chair for February 41 7 Chair for May 850 EPISODIC FARMING D. The land is of volcanic origin, and the entire surface belongs to the tufa and diluvian forma- tion.
Drawer for December 133 Drawer for March 507 Drawer for January 279 Drawer for April 711 Drawer for February 421 Drawer for May 854 EDITOR'S EASY CHAIR. Japan is the land of sudden tempests and earthquakes.
while his spouse balances uj^on her head the basket con- taining the spoils of the day, steadying it with one hand, the other sup- lorting the youngest hope of the family : a half- grown lad, who "^ "-^^"r_r 3;.^:i=^~"_"~Z^^^.:-^==-^-" might have been better vux AGE HOcs Kwi FB BKBia Ne oo Txo. Another pic- ture represents a farmer dipping up manure from the common receptacle ; by two or three firm strokes of his pencil, the artist shows that the fumes of the compost are too strong even for the practiced olfactories of the farmer.
Pater- familias is burdened only with his light rod and bait-bag. These two pictures tell us that in Japan, as elsewhere, the cultivators of the soil are farther advanced in culture than any other portion of the peasantry.
The cardinal principle of his husbandry is never to put a crop into the ground unless he has manure enough to supply the ele- ments needed for that crop, without impairing the future capacities of the field.
If his supply of this is scanty Water is skillful- he lets part of his field lie fallow or grow up with brushwood. Fitz 201 LIGHT THROUGH Dx\RKNESS 64 LITERARY NOTICES. Though the Japanese are clothed mainly in cot- ton there appear to be no manufactories, in our sense of the word. Another shows a carding-machinc, for separating the heads of grain from the stalk ; and still another presents a threshing scene, where flails precisely like our own are used. To-day you will see a field yellow with ripened grain. The wheat crop is ready for harvest just be- fore the rainy season begins. And, finally, we have the peas- ant's luxury of a thorough shampooing of his half-shaven skull, after the day's work is done.