Although a middle class has struggled to expand in the cities, the principal division is between the wealthy well-educated elite and the urban and rural poor, who constitute the vast majority of the population. An increasing proportion of the rural population is landless and depends on day labour, often at less than minimum wages, for survival.
Mexican dating rituals
But, notwithstanding the vast range of lifestyles and class-based opportunities in Mexico, some similarities are widely shared.
Mexican society is sharply divided by income and educational level.
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Hot peppers (often served in a red or green sauce) and salt are the most-common condiments.
Maize tortillas are often served on a plate alongside main dishes, and the smell of toasted or burned corn permeates many households.
Rice is another staple usually served side by side with beans.
In addition, Mexicans tend to make liberal use of avocados (often in the form of guacamole), chili peppers, amaranth, tomatoes, papayas, potatoes, lentils, plantains, and vanilla (a flavouring that is pre-Columbian in origin).
Many households, in both rural and urban areas, are inhabited by three or more generations because of the economic advantage (or necessity) of sharing a roof as well as traditionally close relationships.
Mexicans generally maintain strong links with members of their extended families, including in-laws and “adoptive” relatives—that is, friends of the family who are generally regarded as “aunts” and “uncles.” Because of the importance of family in Mexican life, it is not uncommon to find the elderly, adults, teenagers, and small children attending parties and dances together.
Domestic and imported beers are also in great demand among those who consume alcohol.