Several rivers drain from the Sierra Nevada eastward, including the Walker, Truckee, and Carson rivers.
All of these rivers are endorheic basins, ending in Walker Lake, Pyramid Lake, and the Carson Sink, respectively.
This line begins in Lake Tahoe nearly 4 miles (6.4 km) offshore (in the direction of the boundary), and continues to the Colorado River where the Nevada, California, and Arizona boundaries merge 12 miles (19 km) southwest of the Laughlin Bridge.
The largest mountain range in the southern portion of the state is the Spring Mountain Range, just west of Las Vegas.
They called the region Nevada (snowy) because of the snow which covered the mountains in winter.
The area formed part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, and became part of Mexico when it gained independence in 1821.
Areas south of the Great Basin are within the Mojave Desert, while Lake Tahoe and the Sierra Nevada lie on the western edge. Before European contact, American Indians of the Paiute, Shoshone, and Washoe tribes inhabited the land that is now Nevada.
About 86% of the state's land is managed by various jurisdictions of the U. The first Europeans to explore the region were Spanish.
It is bordered by Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast, and Utah to the east. Nearly three-quarters of Nevada's people live in Clark County, which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area Nevada's capital is Carson City.
Nevada is the 7th most extensive, the 32nd most populous, but the 9th least densely populated of the U. Nevada is officially known as the "Silver State" because of the importance of silver to its history and economy.
Nevada ranks second in the United States by number of mountains, behind Alaska, and ahead of California, Montana, and Washington.